Definitionsmother's body expels the fetus because it has died, or its membrane is ruptured, it has genetic or developmental defects, or because of infection or illness in the mother such as extreme nervous susceptibility, great debility, or plethora; three or more consecutive miscarriages is termed habitual abortion. Medical abortions are induced by surgery or chemicals because the fetus is unwanted, deformed, not likely to live, or endangers the mother's life or health.
A) SURGICAL METHODS:
- a) cervical dilation and evacuation of the uterine contents (D & E),
- b) dilation and curettage (D & C), scraping of the uterine cavity with removal of the uterine contents,
- c) vacuum aspiration, vacuum curettage, or vacuum suction,
- d) in the case of third-trimester abortions, laparotomy with hysterectomy or hysterotomy.
B) HORMONE DRUG METHODS:
- a) intravenous injection of oxytocin early in pregnancy,
- b) intra-amniotic infusion or injection of a saline/urea solution into the amniotic sac,
- c) administration of prostaglandins into the uterus,
- d) some combination of the first three. The choice of method varies according to the length of the pregnancy: vacuum aspiration procedures are used for pregnancies up to 12 weeks, pregnancies of 13 to 18 weeks are generally terminated by dilation and evacuation, pregnancies of about 18 to 24 weeks are usually terminated chemically, more often by the injection of a saline, urea or prostaglandin solution directly into the amniotic sac (called an amniocentesis abortion) to cause premature labor and expel the fetus. Abortions are not done after 24 weeks.See also: abortion pill; birth; criminal abortion; dilation and curettage; dilation and evacuation; elective abortion; habitual abortion; hysterotomy; incomplete abortion; infected abortion; intrauterine saline injection; mifepristone (RU486); miscarriage; missed abortion; preemptive abortion; pregnancy; Roe vs. Wade; saline abortion; spontaneous abortion; therapeutic abortion; threatened abortion; vacuum suction.
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abominable and detestable crime against nature
abominable crime against nature
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